The ability of one race cars to beat all others in a racing competition could be interpreted by many viewers who do not understand the technology used as a show of superior technology in the car contrary to all others in the same race. In actual sense, all these vehicles (or at least most of them) utilize the same technology.
The major differences that bring the performance contrast are based on how the technology is differentiated in the process of customization and of course the driver behind the wheel. Here is a description of the top technology used in racing cars nowadays.
- Conventional coil-over dampers technology is most commonly used
- Use of interchangeable shock components that allow direct conversion from a mono tube to a thru tube and to a hybrid tube without using new shocks for each
- Rig and track development are enhanced using the Penskes 3000 Series Active System.
- An anti-roll bar is mounted in the front chassis of the car while the back design is inverted and mounted between rocker arms and the bell-housing.
- The effect of the above suspension technology is that it gives the car better stability and therefore easy control system.
- Break by wire (BBW) is the latest and most advanced technology in braking systems
- This type of braking does not use the clutch. Only one pedal exists for braking.
- Whereas the pedal is used to control the front wheels directly, it does not do the same for the rear wheels.
- Rear wheels braking system is controlled by a computer so that the computer can allow recovery of energy from the rear wheels. The same cannot happen for the front wheels.
- The effect of this system is that it extends the energy retention by the race car. It does not solely rely on the battery but also on the energy recovered from the braking system.
- Most of the control functions are concentrated on the steering wheel.
- Buttons are installed to control among other functions, rig and track development, rear braking system that can recover energy, drag reduction system and the gear box.
- The control system together with the suspension system determines direction by manipulating the front wheels of the race cars.
- Acceleration is dependent on the rate at which power can be converted into motion. Typically, the faster the cars moves the faster the rate at which this conversion happens.
- The rate at which power can be converted to motion is dependent on a ratio called the power to weight ratio.
When the cars are accelerating, it uses most of its energy to com-bust fuel for gaining speed. When there is no acceleration, it recovers the energy and charges the battery to allow easy braking of the car. Manufacturers of the different components outlined above have adopted almost similar designs and made them as powerful as the current state of technology can possibly allow. Before such powerful machines are put to use, a practical driving test is usually conducted to ensure that they are all working as expected.