Coronary heart disease refers to an illness associated with the heart or blood vessels. In most cases when medical practitioners use the term, they refer to heart diseases or blood vessel diseases caused by atheroma. Atheroma are small fatty lumps that develop on the lining of blood vessels thus making the vessels narrower. Narrow blood vessels will reduce the oxygen-rich blood flowing to the heart. In some cases the lumps might rupture and this leads to blood clots that might block the flow of blood through the coronary arteries.
Causes of Coronary Heart Disease
Research has shown that coronary heart disease starts to develop when the inner layers of the coronary arteries are damaged by factors such as;
- High blood pressure
- High sugar levels in the blood as a result of diabetes or insulin resistance
- Inflammation of blood vessels
- High levels of cholesterol and certain fats in the blood
There are cases where the building up of the lumps or plaques starts as early as childhood. As the individual ages, the blood vessels become narrower and the coronary heart disease becomes more defined.
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Preventing Coronary Heart Disease
There are a number of ways to reduce the risk of developing coronary illnesses and moist of them involve lowering cholesterol intake and blood pressure. Some of the ways to do this include:
Healthy diet – A high fibre and low fat diet is highly recommended and some of the most important foods are vegetables, whole grains, and fresh fruit. Salt is known to increase blood pressure and thus should be limited.
Physical Activity – The combination of a healthy diet and regular exercises and workouts can go a long way in maintaining a less risky weight as far as coronary illnesses are concerned. Exercise is also known to improve blood circulation and lower levels of cholesterol.
Quit Smoking – Smokers are at a higher risk of developing coronary illnesses. There are a number of effective ways to quit smoking such as gum and patches.
Keep your Diabetes and blood pressure under control – All recommendations by physician such as maintaining a healthy weight and sticking to a healthy diet should be followed in effort to control these illnesses that are major causes of coronary heart diseases.
Controlling Coronary Heart Disease
Control your blood pressure – Coronary illness patients should work closely with their doctors so as to maintain an ideal blood pressure level that will not worsen the illness.
Healthy diet – Adopting a healthy eating regimen is an important part of controlling the coronary illness as recommended foods will assist in reducing cholesterol and keeping blood pressure and weight at manageable levels.
Manage stress – Emotional upsets are the most common heart attack triggers according to medical research. The patient should avoid anger and keep away from using alcohol and cigarettes to try and calm themselves down because they worsen the disease.
Medication – There are medications geared towards the management of coronary heart diseases. They reduce the heart’s workload and prevent blood clots and any other conditions that might complicate the illness.
If you have not been checked for signs and symptoms of coronary illnesses, it is important that you see a professional Doctor for a check-up. It is also important that you consider your insurance matters and if you have no insurance, you might consider Ehic application to make your treatment and check-ups easy and smooth.