Headache is common and usually does not represent any serious form of illness. However, the pain and discomfort that it causes can lead to complications and even disrupt your day-to-day activities. This is because the pain experienced in such condition originates from within the structure and tissues surrounded by the skull. The muscles, thin layer of tissues, eyes, ears and surrounded bones, nerves, veins and arteries everything gets irritated or inflamed, ultimately triggering headaches. This pain can either be dull, sharp, constant, intense or throbbing.
The Classification of Headaches
The International Society of Headache has classified this into two different categories and they are:
- Primary Headaches: Over 90% of the headaches that are experienced by people fall under this category. It usually starts in people aged between 20 to 40 years, and the most common causes are tension and migraines. The characteristics of this headache vary from one to another like for migraines it includes nausea, the pulsing pain of head, photo phobia and more. However, in tension-type headaches, it triggers non-pulsing pressure on both the sides of forehead and is usually not followed by any other signs.
- A secondary Headache: A secondary headache occurs in the neck and head. Most of them are completely harmless, like cervicogenic headache (pain in neck muscles). Painkillers are often recommended to relieve such pains if they tend to intensify with time. Otherwise, muscle relaxation techniques are more than enough to manage a secondary
The Causes of Primary and Secondary Headaches
The moment when you start experiencing pain from the head, then the first thing that often comes to mind is what could have possibly caused it? Though most of the people point out towards stressful environment and anxiety, however, there is more to it. Headaches occur when tissues, nerve bundles,and associated muscles are inflamed, this is similar to the burning sensation that you feel when you place your hand onto a hot pot. So, why does it happen: even when there is no sort of pain fibers present in the brain?
Continuous illness, fatigue, dehydration and low blood circulation are recorded to be the major causes of a headaches. Recognizing these patterns is essential, to ensure that you don’t experience severe pain every now and then. In most of the cases, the causes and even patterns are individual specific, so analyzing them can relieve you from the symptoms of a headache.
Then what about tension headaches, is there a solution for them? Well, even though the cause of a tension headache is not known, yet some of the likely causes are a contraction of the muscles that are present in the skull. When these muscles get too stressed they inflame, cause pain and form spasm. Research even suggests that the physical stress and emotional stress can even be one of the triggering factors for a tension headache.
For instance, the stressors that you are going through can affect the muscles around the skull, making them clench. To get rid of physical stress, get optimal rest and follow a sleep cycle of at least 7 hours per day, while in case of emotional stress, learn to calm yourself down and stay happy. Focus on the good side of life, listen to relaxing music and take some time for yourself.
The Signs of Headaches: Should You Treat Them?
The common signs of headaches are:
- Pain from the upper neck lower back of the head that moves towards the forehead, at times it spreads to encircle the entire head.
- The pain slowly intensifies with time and at times it can be bilateral, meaning you will suffer from pain only from one side of the head
- Even though the pain causes discomfort, it still allows you to perform the majority of the activities and thus function normally.